Istiqlál, 18 ‘Aẓamat (Grandeur), 179 B.E


There are several common / spear / bull thistle (Cirsium vulgare) plants established along our driveway. I mow them off, but they’re persistent. Reading up about them, I see that they’re “rated in the top 10 for most nectar production in a UK plants survey.” However, it “is designated an “injurious weed” under the UK Weeds Act 1959.” And in Australia it’s considered a “noxious weed.”

Ironically, it is also the national flower of Scotland. With a reputation like that, I may transplant them into one of the garden beds just to see what they do.


I subscribed to several news feeds from science and technology websites so can get current on developments in virtualization, gamification, artificial intelligence, neuroscience, social networking, etc. These topics are increasingly informing an unfolding narrative about humanity’s future. I haven’t quite figured out how to research and write about it, but I’m hot on the trail!


Astral Prospecting on Instagram and Astral Prospecting on Facebook

Marc Bosserman on Instagram Marc Bosserman on Facebook, and Marc Bosserman Music and Musings on YouTube

Tab’s Galaxy on YouTube


Question: What is the status of woman in the Orient?

Answer: The status of woman in former times was exceedingly deplorable, for it was the belief of the Orient that it was best for woman to be ignorant. It was considered preferable that she should not know reading or writing in order that she might not be informed of events in the world. Woman was considered to be created for rearing children and attending to the duties of the household. If she pursued educational courses, it was deemed contrary to chastity; hence women were made prisoners of the household. The houses did not even have windows opening upon the outside world. Bahá’u’lláh destroyed these ideas and proclaimed the equality of man and woman. He made woman respected by commanding that all women be educated, that there be no difference in the education of the two sexes and that man and woman share the same rights. In the estimation of God there is no distinction of sex. One whose thought is pure, whose education is superior, whose scientific attainments are greater, whose deeds of philanthropy excel, be that one man or woman, white or colored, is entitled to full rights and recognition; there is no differentiation whatsoever. Therefore, the status of women in the East has undergone change. At present they attend schools and colleges, pursue the ordinary curriculum and day by day are becoming indispensable to men and equal to them. This is the present condition of womankind in Persia. 1

  1. ʻAbduʼl-Bahá. The Promulgation of Universal Peace: Talks Delivered by ʻAbduʼl-Bahá during His Visit to the United States and Canada in 1912. Edited by Howard MacNutt. 2nd ed. Wilmette, Ill: Baháʼí Publishing Trust, 1982, 166-167. [return]